NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) (2024)



China | 1999



"The NORINCO QJY-88 was developed during the 1980s but did not receive the go-ahead on serial production until the late 1990s."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

NORINCO of China produces the QJY-88 machine gun for the People's Liberation Army (PLA) service. It is largely a conventional weapon and a true machine gun in that it sports a belt-fed mechanism, an air-cooled design, offers a "quick-change" barrel assembly to prevent over-heating and is operated by a crew of two. Beyond its service with the Chinese Army, the weapon is issued to some elements of Chinese police. The QJY-88 succeeds the aged line of Type 67 General Purpose Machine Guns (GPMGs) debuted in 1967 (detailed elsewhere on this site).

The QJY-88 is chambered for the unique 5.8x42mm cartridge, an intermediate rifle round developed by China in the 1980s for its armed forces and of similar mission scope and overall functionality to the American 5.56x45mm NATO and Soviet/Russian 5.45x39mm cartridges. The cartridges are fed into the QJY-88 system by way of 100- and 200-round-count belts held in a hardened ammunition case. While one operator manages the function of the gun (namely firing, clearing jams) the other operator feeds the belts into the receiver and resupplies the ammunition stock.

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The QJY-88 can be configured to operate as two distinct battlefield forms: a lightweight Light Machine Gun (LMG) and a heavier general purpose type. The lightweight form tips the scales at 7.6 kilograms and is better suited to more mobile infantry squad-level work due to its portability. Conversely, the heavier-weight model is 11.8 kilograms. The light model is shorter at 1,151mm in length compared to the heavy model of 1,321 length but both versions feature a 600mm long barrel assembly. The shoulder stock is hollowed out as a weight-savings measure while a pistol grip/trigger arrangement is used to manage the firing action. A carrying handle set over the receiver is helpful in transportation of the weapon as well as useful when changing out a hot barrel (an overheated barrel can lead to fracturing or deformation of the assembly, damaging the function of the gun and endangering the operating crew).

The internal firing action consists of the tried-and-true gas operation which allows the users to regulate gas pressures and, therefore, affect the weapons rate-of-fire (which is between 650 and 700 rounds-per-minute). Muzzle velocity is 2,940 feet-per-second and effective range is out to 1,000 meters. Sighting is by way of iron sights fitted over the receiver (front and rear placements) though optics are optional for longer-ranged accurized fire when needed.

The QJY-88 series is supported through its various battlefield roles by both a folding bipod assembly (for the LMG role) and a heavy-duty tripod assembly (for more of a fixed, defensive solution).

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Performance
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.

2,955 ft
900.7 m | 985.0 yds
Max.Eff.Range

700
Rounds-Per-Minute
Rate-of-Fire

2,940 ft/sec
896 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity

Physical
The physical qualities of the NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.

1,321 mm
52.01 in
O/A Length

600 mm
23.62 in
Barrel Length

26.01 lb
11.80 kg
Weight

Gas-Operated; Belt-Fed; Automatic-Fire
Action

5.8x42mm HV
Caliber(s)

100- or 200-round box.
Feed

Iron Front and Rear.
Sights

Variants
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) family line.

QJY-88 - Base Series Designation
Type 88 - Alternative Designation

Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China

[ China ]

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The NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) appears in the following collections:

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NORINCO QJY-88 (Type 88 LMG) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) (2024)

FAQs

What is the best general purpose machine gun? ›

For the United States, the general-purpose machine gun of choice is the M240. The M240B or Bravo is the most common variant, behind the newer, lighter, and more infantry-friendly M240L; L for lima, or light.

How old is the GPMG? ›

The first GPMG off the production line was in 1958 and they are still making them today. It is thought to be one of the most versatile machine guns ever designed and built.

What caliber is a GPMG bullet? ›

The L7A2 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) is a 7.62mm x 51mm belt-fed general purpose machine gun which can be used as a light weapon and in a sustained fire (SF) role.

What LMG does China use? ›

The QJY-88 is a machine gun, that is widely used by China's army. This weapon is also commonly referred to as Type 88. It was designed in the 1980s to replace the obsolete Type 67.

What is the maximum range of a GPMG gun? ›

Ranges: Maximum Range – 3,725 meters. Effective Range (Bipod) – 800 meters. Effective Range (Tripod) – 1,100 meters.

What is the difference between LMG and general purpose machine gun? ›

While early light machine guns fired full-powered rifle cartridges, modern light machine guns often fire smaller-caliber rifle cartridges than medium machine guns – generally the same intermediate cartridge fired by a service's standard assault rifle – and are usually lighter and more compact.

What type of gun is a GPMG? ›

A general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) is an air-cooled, usually belt-fed machine gun that can be adapted flexibly to various tactical roles for light and medium machine guns.

What is the most powerful machine gun? ›

The M134 Minigun is an iconic firearm that has been featured in numerous action movies and video games. This six-barreled machine gun is capable of firing up to 6,000 rounds per minute, making it one of the fastest-firing guns in the world.

What is the most used gun in the world? ›

The AK-47 is perhaps the most widespread firearm in the world. Carried by American enemies and allies alike since 1947, it is the standard infantry weapon for 106 countries. There are an estimated 100 million AK-47s of a number of variations round the world.

How does a GPMG work? ›

The C6 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) is an air-cooled, belt-fed, gas-operated automatic weapon. It is able to provide a heavy, controlled volume of accurate, long-range fire (300-800 meters) that is beyond the capabilities of individual small arms. This makes it a lethal weapon in the right hands.

What bullet does a machine gun use? ›

Since 1945 the term has designated an automatic weapon firing ammunition larger than that used in ordinary combat rifles; the most widely used calibre is . 50 inch or 12.7 mm, although a Soviet heavy machine gun fired a 14.5-millimetre round.

What bullet does the FBI use? ›

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) completed an extensive evaluation process and chose Hornady Critical Duty® 9mm+P 135 gr FTX pistol ammunition as its contracted service ammunition. The patented Hornady® Flex Tip® design of the FlexLock® bullet eliminates clogging and aids bullet expansion.

Is Norinco Russian or Chinese? ›

China North Industries Group Corporation Limited, doing business internationally as Norinco Group (North Industries Corporation), and known within China as China Ordnance Industries Group Corporation Limited (Chinese: 中国兵器工业集团有限公司), is a Chinese state-owned defense corporation that manufactures commercial and military ...

Who made Norinco? ›

China North Industries Group Corporation Limited (NORINCO Group) is the main platform responsible for developing mechanized, digitized and intellectualized equipment for PLA, plays a core role in developing destructive-attack devices for PLA and acts as a major carrier in R&D and manufacture of modernized new- ...

What guns does Norinco make? ›

Contents
  • 3.1 Type CQ assault rifle.
  • 3.2 Type CQ semi-automatic rifle.
  • 3.3 CQ 5.56mm Type A assault carbine.
  • 3.4 CS/LM11.
  • 3.5 DIO Model S-5.56 assault rifle.
  • 3.6 TERAB rifle.
  • 3.7 Armada rifle and Trailblazer carbine.
  • 3.8 CQ-D.

What is the most versatile gun to own? ›

The 12 gauge shotgun, preferably pump, is probably the most versatile gun you could buy, as well as the cheapest option to originally purchase, maintain, upgrade, and shoot. Another perk to the 12 gauge is that they are easy to shoot.

What is the most versatile gun ever? ›

Shotgun. The shotgun is probably the most versatile tool. Just by switching loads (and maybe choke tubes), it's effective for small game, all feathered game, coyotes, deer, even black bear, and many people believe a shotgun is ideal for home defense.

What is the best automatic machine gun in the world? ›

The AK-47 can be viewed as one of the world's best automatic weapons because of its fame among Russian and Soviet armed forces and in addition individuals that have a place with Middle Eastern and African nations.

What machine gun can a civilian own? ›

For example, a private citizen can lawfully own a machine gun only if: the possessor isn't a “prohibited person,” the full-auto machine gun was made before 1986, and. their relevant state law does not ban that the firearm (whether banning machine guns outright or any firearm with certain features).

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